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    • 10 Fascinating Earth Facts That Will Blow Your Mind
      1. Earth hosts water in all three states of matter: Earth uniquely maintains water as solid, liquid, and gas simultaneously. This rare quality supports diverse life forms and drives essential planetary processes, such as the water cycle.
      2. The Earth rotates on its axis every 24 hours: This consistent rotation leads to the regular alternation of day and night. The rotational speed at the equator reaches about 1,670 kilometers per hour, gradually decreasing towards the poles.
      3. Earth's atmosphere extends up to 10,000 kilometers: Although most of the atmosphere is within 16 kilometers of the surface, it stretches far into space, gradually thinning out, providing vital protection from solar and cosmic radiation.
      4. The magnetic field shields Earth: Originating from its molten outer core, Earth's magnetic field acts as a protective shield, deflecting harmful solar winds and preserving the atmosphere. This field also aids in navigation for many species.
      5. Earth orbits the Sun once every 365.25 days: This orbit defines one year. To account for the extra 0.25 days, a leap year with an extra day is added every four years to the calendar, maintaining seasonal alignment over time.
      6. The deepest point on Earth is the Mariana Trench: Located in the western Pacific Ocean, the Mariana Trench reaches depths of approximately 11 kilometers. This extreme depth houses unique organisms adapted to high-pressure environments.
      7. Earth has experienced five mass extinctions: Over its long history, Earth has seen five significant events where a large percentage of its life forms were wiped out. These extinctions shaped the evolutionary path of surviving species and paved the way for new ones to arise.
      8. Continents are constantly moving: Driven by the forces of plate tectonics, continents drift about a few centimeters per year, comparable to the speed at which fingernails grow. This movement leads to geological phenomena like earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
      9. Earth’s biosphere extends into the stratosphere: Microorganisms have been found living at altitudes as high as 77 kilometers above the surface. These extremophiles can withstand harsh conditions, such as UV radiation and low temperatures.
      10. The Earth's oldest rocks date back about 4 billion years: Found in western Greenland, these ancient formations provide insights into the early history of the planet and its development. They are crucial for understanding Earth's geological and biological past.
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